The transition to a post-carbon fossil fuel-free society is not only happenning through greater energy efficiency, alternative energy sources, or changes in government policies, but also through profound changes of lifestyles, consumption patterns, and forms of urbanization. Because energy is fundamental, virtually everything we do is affected.
First, decreasing consumption of fossil fuels has redistributive impacts. The social impact of the redistribution of wealth can be seen in the relationship between the ecological/carbon footprint and socioeconomic stratification.
Second, the trajectories of transformation are conditioned by the unique history and culture of each community. How each community adapts to existing without fossil fuels depends on its idiosyncrasies and peculiarities.
The main goals of the Transition movement are to encourage changes in behavior and to support public policies on climate change and decarbonization, constructively developing a framework for civil society that can aid the transition. To promote community resilience to help manage the changes and challenges: social and intellectual movements, citizens’ initiatives, changes in lifestyles, and perceptions and prejudices of all or significant parts of the population.